This is the bare bones basics to protect a web page or series of pages on an Apache web server.
AuthName "SectionName" AuthType Basic AuthUserFile /full/path/to/.htpasswd Require valid-user
Replace SectionName with the name of what you are protecting (in and below the directory that you are putting the .htaccess file in. Example: My Web Site
Replace /full/path/to/.htpassword with the actual full path to the .htpassword file you created.
Replace encryptedPassword with your choice of password encrypted with the htpasswd program that came with Apache. Use man htpassword for instructions.
You can then access the page with the normal address...in which case it will ask for the username and password, or you can use this: